People have different gum tones just as they have different skin tones. Generally, darkening of the gums is caused by an irritant and is not a person's natural gum color. The natural color of the gums changes over time. The most common cause of dark pigmentation on the gums is genetics. With the accumulation of excess melanin in the gingiva, brown or black stains are seen instead of pink. Melanin is the pigment responsible for skin color.
These colorations are seen after birth in women of white race. However, these colorations are congenital in people of African and Middle Eastern descent. Smoking causes an increase in loss of whitening. As a side effect of some drugs, darker pigments appears on the gums.
One or more of the reasons mentioned above may damage the pink gum tissue. As a result of this damage, dark spots become visible on the tooth. There are many dental tools and methods used for gum bleaching. Laser gum bleaching is one of them. A peeling operation is performed on the gums using a dental laser. After this peeling process, the dark pigmented structure of the gingiva is removed. During the recovery time, our patients experience some discomforts. Ozone therapy is used to minimize these discomforts.
Before starting dark gum treatment, the causes of this condition should be learned thoroughly. Once the causes of the problem are known, it is easier to find a suitable solution. In other words, the causes of the disease should be learned well for the right treatment. For example, if the cause of dark gingiva is inflammation, necessary gingival treatments are performed to eliminate this inflammation.
These treatments may be in the form of calculus removal, root surface straightening (curettage) or surgical intervention in advanced cases, depending on the condition and causes of the case. If there is no need for such interventions, the darkness is removed by gingival depigmentation.
Gum whitening can last for a minimum of 20 years or a lifetime. Smoking and alcohol use and hormonal conditions can shorten this situation.
The procedure is performed within 20 to 45 minutes, including anesthesia. Local anesthesia is sufficient for a painless procedure.
This is very rare. It is a possible situation in areas where there is not enough peeling or whitening during the treatment. In such cases, a small treatment is applied to the dark gums.
You should not smoke during and after the procedure for at least seven days. Since smoking impairs the healing of the wound, the pigmentation process is both unsuccessful and painful.
A single session is sufficient for the procedure. After the procedure, ozone therapy is applied to accelerate wound healing. A second session of ozone therapy is recommended the next day to accelerate the healing of the wound completely.
Gargling with salt water contributes to the recovery time. Also brushing teeth is good for this gum pigmentation treatment. Brushing teeth with a soft brush accelerates wound healing. At the same time, if you apply a piece of olive oil to the gingival peeling area at night, you will contribute to wound healing. This provides both natural healing and prevents the area from drying out at night while you sleep. Antioxidant teas like sage and green tea are also good for recovery time.
The pigment melanin in the human body is a substance that gives color to the skin, hair and eyes. As the amount of this substance increases, the color darkens in the hair, skin and eyes. The reason for darker gums may also occur due to the increased level of melanin in the body. However, the purple color may be a sign of excess blood or inflammation in the area. From this point of view, gingival bruising and the brown color found in the gingiva are different. Melanin pigmentation may be more common in people with dark skin.
The most common causes of dark gums are as follows:
Studies show that the nicotine substance in cigarettes increases the level of melanin in the body. Therefore, color changes in teeth can cause dark spots close to bruising on the gingiva. These stains can also occur in other parts of the mouth.
Some drugs used in infection treatments cause discoloration in the mouth.
Gingivitis has symptoms such as high fever, pain in the gums and bad breath. In addition to these, darkening of pink gums can also be a sign of gingivitis. The reason for this is the proliferation of harmful bacteria.
Wrong habits that damage the gums such as hard brushing, uncontrolled flossing and toothpick use can cause gingivitis.
Plaque, inflammation and various infections can cause color changes on the gingival surface. The cause of dark red gingiva is usually plaques. At the same time, brushing hard and flossing incorrectly can also cause dark gums. In the parts of the gingiva where the gingiva is inflamed, the gingiva becomes reddish-purple. After gingival treatments are applied, your pink gums come back. which is healthy.
Contact us to get more detailed information about our gum bleaching treatment. Our patient representatives will be happy to answer your questions.